Corns are calluses that form on the toes due to the bones pushing up against the shoe and putting pressure on the skin. The surface layer of the skin then thickens and builds up, irritating the tissues underneath. Hard corns are usually located on the top of the toe or on the side of the small toe while soft corns typically develop between the toes.
Common presentations of corns include:
- A thick and rough area of skin on the toes
- A hardened and raised bump on the toes
- Flaky, dry or waxy skin
- Tenderness or pain under your skin
Common causes of corns include:
- Shoes that are too tight and end up squeezing the foot and increasing pressure
- Shoes that are too loose, causing the foot to slide and rub against the shoe and resulting in friction
- Rubbing against a seam or stitch inside the shoe
- Socks that do not fit properly
- High heeled shoes that increase the pressure on the forefoot
- Toe deformities such as hammer toe or claw toe
Corns can be easily seen and diagnosed based on their appearance – they usually a tender spot in the middle, surrounded by thickened skin.
There are several at-home remedies that may help, such as soaking your feet and filing off the dead skin. You can also buy special corn plasters with a foam pad over the corn to relieve pressure. It is important to wear well-fitting shoes with a wide toe box.
If you decide to visit an orthopaedic specialist, he or she may shave the dead layers of skin off with a scalpel. More importantly, any underlying toe deformities need to be identified and treated to prevent recurrence of the problem.
Every case is different; hence it is best to consult an orthopaedic specialist for an accurate diagnosis so that you can obtain the best treatment option that is most suitable for you. Reach out to us today if you are suffering from corns and let us help you enjoy a better quality of life.